Episode Guide - Nature of Things, The (Series) (1960- )

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Nature of Things, The
The following is an incomplete listing of Nature of Things episodes.

Nov 6, 1960 - First program in a new series on science. This program looks ahead to some of the subjects to be examined in the ensuing weeks. Seen are: Dr. J.W.R. Steacie, President of the National Research Council, discussing changing attitudes to science; Dr. Wilder Penfield, of the Montreal Neurological Institute, describing his work with the human brain; and Dr. Abraham Hoffer, University of Saskatchewan, discussing mental illness.

Nov 13, 1960 - "The Roar of the Crowd : Brain Surgery" A look at research on the human brain at the Montreal Neurological Institute under Dr. Wilder Penfield. Program includes: host Lister Sinclair and Dr. Donald Ivey on the basic scientific data on the brain and epilepsy research; Penfield talks about epilepsy and the measurement of electrical discharges in the brain; Dr. Allan Elliott demonstrates the effect of a chemical on the nervous system; Dr. Herbert Jasper explains his research on electrical brain activity; Dr. Penfield, relates his accidental discovery of electrical stimulation of memory; and film footage of open brain surgery to cure epilepsy performed by Professor Rasmussen.

Nov 20, 1960 - This week's program will probe the attitudes and working habits of the scientist, and try to decide where the future of science lies.

Nov 27, 1960 - Presents a study of the most prevalent of mental diseases, schizophrenia.

Dec 4, 1960 - This show will discuss Engineering as a Science.

Dec 11, 1960 - Today, "Man as an Environment." Members of the plant and animal kingdom will be shown at work and at war. Films for the show were collected by science writer Maurice Constant. They show that man is the most successful of animals in changing his environment. He also has the power, through drugs, of protecting himself from bacilli which find his body a salubrious environment. The audience will see body cells under attack by viruses and bacilli, and will see drugs actually working within the body to destroy harmful, living bacteria. These rare films, made by the advanced techniques of microphotography, were shot in Canadian, U.S., European and Japanese laboratories. Dr. Donald Ivey is host.

Dec 18, 1960 - "Science Fiction" In this program, American scientist and science fiction writer Isaac Asimov examines a selection of brief science fiction plots by Toronto writer Rod Coneybeare in an attempt to explain how this kind of fiction confuses the public about the potential and motives of science.

Dec 25, 1960 - A special Christmas edition. The program takes a light-hearted look at the scientific aspects of a modern Christmas. For instance, ingenious new methods of turkey carving will be demonstrated; flashing and bubbling tree lights will be explained; complex Christmas toys will be demonstrated. Our host, Dr. Donald Ivey, welcomes Iris associate from the department of physics at the University of Toronto, Dr. Patterson Hume, to the program. John Livingstone, the director of the Audubon Society of Canada, will also be on the program. In addition, sketches by George Feyer will be seen and a series of puzzles and optical illusions will be presented.

Jan 1, 1961 - "The Aurora-Borealis" An examination of scientific theories about the aurora borealis or the Northern Lights. Includes: readings from historical literature describing the phenomenon; Dr. B.W. Curie, Physics, University of Saskatchewan, relates folk theories about the aurora, the beinning of his own scientific studies, and the extent of scientifically certain knowledge about the aurora; Dr. Ray Montalbetti explains theories of the aurora and their inadequacies; Dr. Peter Forsyth, Physics, University of Saskatchewan, discusses scientific knowledge of the aurora gained through radio techniques. Includes some graphic illustrations and simulations.

Jan 8, 1961 - "Man as an Environment - Human Body" An examinaton of the human body as an environment for the billions of tiny organisms living within it. Includes film footage of: underwater life - crab, octopus, eel; amoeba; human cells; blood circulation; breathing; digestion (animated simulation); white corpuscles; tapeworm organism; fungus; skin lice; malarial organism; skin bacteria; plague bacteria; cholera organism; flu and polio virus; white corpuscles; antibodies; and penicillin attacking alien organisms in the human body.

Jan 15, 1961 - "Kept Alive" An examination of the newest methods of "quick freezing" animal tissues and organs by immersion in -321 Fahrenheit liquid nitrogen. Dr. Louis Rey shows and discusses his experiments on this subject in Paris.

Jan 22, 1961 - "Physics and Games - Laws of Probability" An examination of the laws of probability and their uses in science. Co-hosts Professor Donald Ivey and Professor Patterson Hume demonstrate the laws of probability in games of chance such as coin-flipping and dice-throwing. A geiger counter is used to demonstrate that radioactive material can be located in a similar manner to the prediction of the outcome of games of chance.

Jan 29, 1961 - "The Face of the Moon" Donald MacRae, Professor of Astronomy at David Dunlap Observatory, Richmond Hill, explains what man knows about the moon and how he knows it. The program includes detailed photographs of the moon never before seen on television. Professor MacRae also explains how some popular folk tales about the moon actually have some basis in scientific fact, and compares the two methods for determining what he know about the moon, radio and optical astronomy.

Feb 5, 1961 - "Hibernation." An examination of the phemonena of winter hibernation and how its study may assist those with heart defects.

Feb 12, 1961 - "Man and His Environment" An examination of how man adapts to the various environments on earth - the arctic, the tropics, the desert - and what the consequences are for man and for the other living organisms sharing his environment. The film was shot in remote areas of the world.

Feb 19, 1961 - "Eclipse" A special half-hour Eurovision program from the United Kingdom, France, Italy and Yugoslavia, covering the eclipse of the sun by the moon shortly after dawn on 15 February 1961. After a a partial eclipse is seen in Britain and in the following minutes as the moon's shadow races across Southern Europe at several thousand miles per hour, television broadcast units in France, Italy and Yugoslavia, in succession, show the sun's disc for the period, lasting approximately 1.25 minutes, during which it becomes totally eclipsed. The commentators are Tom Margerison in Britain, Hugh Butler in France, Colin Ronin in Italy and Patrick Moore in Yugoslavia.

Feb 26, 1961 - "Animal Communication" An examination of the various forms and modes of animal communication. Sound, colour, odour, pattern, and movement together or separately can tell animals much about their enemies, the source of food and the mood of a prospective mate. John Livingston, executive director of the Audubon Society of Canada, explains what constitutes communication in animal communities. Dr. Bruce Falls of the Zoology Department at the University of Toronto describes how scientists have worked to understand the nature of bird songs and calls. He demonstrates equipment he uses to study bird calls and shows how birds stake out their nesting territories by means of their calls.

Mar 5, 1961 - "The Speed of Light" This program shows how the speed of light is measured and what it means. Although light's speed in a vacuum seems a universal absolute, research now suggests the presence of varieties of light that move even faster.

Mar 12, 1961 - Dr. John Zubek of the department of psychology, University of Manitoba, will be one of the guests.

Mar 19, 1961 - "The Chemical Senses" Dr. R. Wright of the British Columbia Research Council discusses his theory of how our senses of taste and smell work, and how they serve the biological system. Film demonstrates these functions in animals and humans. Includes a demonstration of shark repellant.

Apr 2, 1961 - "The Mohole : Earth's Crust" Dr. J. Tuzo Wilson, University of Toronto, talks with host Dr. Donald Ivey about the nature of the earth's core beneath its crust and the ways scientists have of finding out about it. Dr. William Bascom, National Academy of Science (U.S.) and head of Project Molhole, talks about the project, an attempt to drill through the ocean floor to penetrate the earth's crust. He discusses technical problems and what scientists hope to learn from the project. Includes: film footage of volcanoes; scientific research on earthquakes; oil-will drilling on land and off-shore; and animated graphic simulation of volcanos and earthquakes.

Apr 16, 1961 - "Laws of Conservation" Hosts Dr. Patterson Hume and Dr. Donald Ivey of the University of Toronto explain the laws of conservation of matter and energy.

Apr 23, 1961 - "Photosynthesis " How plants live is one of the classic problems confronting biochemists. Guest Professor R.G.S. Bidwell, Department of Zoology, University of Toronto, demonstrates the way in which simple inert matter is raised to the complexity and reactivity that is the essence of life through experiments with radio-active plants.

Apr 30, 1961 - "Physics of Clouds" Drs. Stewart Marshall and W.F. Hitschfield of the Stormy Weather Group at McGill University explain what clouds are and how they form. The program makes use of film shot in Alberta and at the Puy de Dome Observatory in southern France. Includes time-lapse photography of clouds flowing like turbulent water over the mountains and valleys of southern France.

May 7, 1961 - "The Sources of Science" What is science and where does it come from? Through a study of one of the oldest scientific societies in the world, the Hoyal Society of London, this program shows science at work, and suggests the scope and nature of the life in science.

Jan 4, 1962 - "Looking Ahead" An examination of promising areas of scientific research and some of the scientists involved. Includes plasma research being done by Dr. Morell Bachynski at the RCA Victor laboratory in Montreal for use in space exploration.

Jan 11, 1962 - "Photography in Science" A slow motion, time lapsed film examining animals, plants, ice, blood, solar eclipses, cells, rockets, the setting sun and the habits of eagles.

Jan 18, 1962 - "To Educate a Scientist" Dr. Patterson Hume and Dr. Donald Ivey of the University of Toronto illustrate methods developed by the Physics Science Study Committee, and initiated by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the National Science Foundation, to teach physics using simple, homemade apparatus. They also discuss whether students should make their own scientific apparatus.

Jan 25, 1962 - "The Situation Is Fluid" Donald Crowdis of the Nova Scotia Science Museum discusses liquids, how detergents remove dirt, and how one liquid passes through another.

Feb 1, 1962 - "Gallstones" Donald Crowdis, Director of the Nova Scotia Museum of Science hosts this show on gallstones. A.J. Harding Range, professor of medical surgery at the Charing Cross Hospital Medical School explains what gallstones are, how they are formed, and how they are removed. Includes footage of the bacterologists at work in the Charing Cross laboratories, with comments by Range on the research being done on gallstones. Dr. N.C. Tanner of the Charing Cross Hospital performs a gallstone operation.

Feb 8, 1962 - "The Upper Mantle Project" Program guest J. Tuzo Wilson, Professor of Physics, University of Toronto, and host Lister Sinclair look at a Canadian plan to survey that part of the earth laying immediately under the crust in an effort to learn more about the earth's formation, its landscapes and weather. Also, they show why a piece of lava is unreliable evidence of what lies beneath the earth's surface.

Feb 22, 1962 - "The Physics of Music" Host Lister Sinclair and Professor Harvey Olnick of the University of Toronto Faculty of Music explain the physics of music; how the various instruments produce sound; the physics of sound waves; oscilliscope (including a film by Dr. Hugh Lelaine of the National Research Council); quality and overtones of musical notes; and resonance (including film footage).

Mar 8, 1962 - "Man and the Moon" Program examines the type of surface man may find if and when he lands on the moon; it shows what is known about the moon's surface, and how this knowledge is used in the design of vehicles and other equipment for lunar exploration. Ewen Whitaker of the Lunar and Planetary Observatory of the University of Arizona describes surface details as seen through optical telescopes. Allyn Hazard of the Space General Corp. of Glendale, California discusses possible vehicles and clothing to be used by lunar explorers.

Mar 15, 1962 - "Low Temperature Physics" Hosts Dr. Donald Ivey and Dr. Patteron Hume talk about conditions at extremely cold temperatures when matter "hibernates" and molecular action slows almost to a complete stop; and how this allows the physicist to study the basic structure of matter.

Mar 29, 1962 - "Monkey Curiosity" This episode focuses on scientists' views of the nature of science. Seen are: Dr. Alfred Romer, zoologist; Dr. Harold Urey, Nobel Prize winning chemist; Dr. Margaret Mead, anthropologist; Dr. Omond Solandt, physiologist; Dr. Norman Alcock, physicist; and Dr. Harrison Brown, geochemist.

Apr 26, 1962 - "Beetles and Bombs" A look at the Dutch Elm disease and biological efforts to control it. Host John Livingston outlines the history of the disease in Canada; explains the nature of the disease; how it is transmitted; the failure of attempts to stop it with DDT spraying; and methods of elm tree "sanitation". The technique of bilogical control and its dangers is examined including: the disastrous results of the introduction of the Indian mongoose in Trinidad to control rats; the biological control of rose aphids; and the successful campaign in Florida to eliminate the screw worm fly by the introduction of sterile males.

May 3, 1962 - "Thinking about Math" Host Lister Sinclair discusses the sort of thinking that goes into the science of mathematics. Using animatedfilm and studio demonstrations, he explains what mathematical logic is.

May 10, 1962 - "The Plague" Host Donald Crowdis traces the history of the bubonic plague - the causes, how it spread, and how it was and is treated. He tells how over a period of years, scientists discovered that the plague was really a disease of animals rather than people.

May 24, 1962 - A Science Newsreel, film clips showing current scientific projects including the Soviet and American space programs. Host to be announced.

Jun 7, 1962 - "Learning" An examination of the young child's ability to learn, and a comparison of the human child's learning rate to that of lower animal forms such as an octopus. A group at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology explains its findings on the ability of simple brains to learn. Dr. Omar K. Moore of Yale shows his laboratory for the study of child learning in Connecticut.

Jun 21, 1962 - "A Bang-Up Job" Dr. Robert Knott, G.R. Phare of the CIL Research Division, and host Lister Sinclair examine the properties, types and uses of explosives. Includes an explanation and film illustration of: ballistic pendulum; fall hammer; hydromex; cushion blasting; and shape-end charges.

Jun 28, 1962 - "Out of Africa" Naturalist John Livingston is host of this program about man's place in nature and the problems of new African nations in supplying growing populations with an adequate supply of animal protein. In a recently-filmed interview, Sir Julian Huxley discusses the change in the old balance between man and nature in Africa. Canadian freelance writer and biochemist Lillian Andrews conducts the interview. The program also includes footage of game herds in Africa.

Jul 12, 1962 - "Count on Me" Drs. Patterson Hume and Donald Ivey of the University of Toronto explain what electronic computers can do and how they do it.

Jul 19, 1962 - "Blood in the Balance" A look at the new field of ballistocardiography. Host Dr. Patterson Hume of the University of Toronto explains the principals behind ballistocardiography. Donald Crowdis of the Nova Scotia Science Museum explains the functioning of the human heart with the aid of a model. Dr. Wilhelm Josenhans of the Department of Physiology at Dalhousie University explains his research and experimental apparatus to measure the ballistics of the flow of blood in the body. Also he explains his mechanical model of the heart pumping system and discusses some of the uses of his research.

Dec 2, 1962 - "Brainwashing"

Dec 9, 1962 - "Electronics H & I."

Jan 6, 1963 - "Looking Ahead" In this opening program in a new 25 week series host and consultant Lister Sinclair introduces subject ideas planned for presentation, tells why they were chosen, the research undertaken for each subject and the ideas behind them.

Jan 13, 1963 - "Brainwashing" British psychaitrist Dr. William Sargeant discusses and illustrates various brainwashing techniques such as weakening of the mind, changing patterns of behaviour, breakdown and religious cults.

Jan 20, 1963 - "Lungs, Legs & Eggs"

Jan 27, 1963 - "From Water to Land" Palaeontologist Dr. Alfred S. Romer of Harvard University explains the evolution of lungs, legs, and a new kind of egg in aquatic creatures.

Feb 3, 1963 - "Chemistry of Salt" Dr. Fred H. Knelman of Montreal, talks about the sources and chemistry of salt and the industrial applications of salt and its components.

Feb 10, 1963 - "Ear Operation" Film of an ear operation from the BBC series YOUR LIFE IN THEIR HANDS, with commentary by Dr. Hugh Barber, Toronto ear specialist. This operation is observed through the surgeon's microscope and is carried out with tiny instruments no larger than needles.

Feb 24, 1963 - "Lie Detectors" This program examines the autonomic nervous system, how it works, and what it can reveal. Dr. John Rich, a psychiatrist with Toronto and Queen's Universities is host. In police interrogations and other situations, many methods are used to determine if a subject is lying. One the more efficient methods is the monitoring of the autonomous nervous system. Under certain types of stress, respiration, perspiration, circulation and many other functions are affected.

Mar 3, 1963 - "Smoking and Lung Cancer." In cooperation with the National Cancer Institute and the Canadian Cancer Society, today's show explores the results of years of lung-cancer research in Britain and North America. Host Lister Sinclair interviews Dr. A.G. Phillips of the National Cancer Institute and Dr. Norman C. Delarue of Toronto General Hospital.

Mar 10, 1963 - "Science Museum" A report on the need for a Canadian science museum. Host Lister Sinclair visits the Deutsches Science Museum in Munich and the science section of the British Museum. Includes filmed demonstrations of how science and technology can be made meaningful to the general public.

Mar 24, 1963 - "Tornadoes"

Mar 31, 1963 - "The Descent of Man" Recent fossil discoveries in Africa have shed new light on the ancestry and evolution of man. In the Olduvai Gorge, Kenya, Dr. L.S.B. Leakey, renowned British anthropologist and paleontologist and a guest on this program, has unearthed fossil remains that have extended the time scale of human evolution from 500,000 to two million years or more. A deductive story in anthropology and paleontology is told as Dr. Leakey describes his finds and interprets their significance.

Apr 7, 1963 - "Isaac Newton" Lister Sinclair pays tribute to Isaac Newton. The program attempts to capture the spirit of the time through the words of Newton himself and some of his contemporaries.

Apr 14, 1963 - "New Atoms for Old" Drs. Patterson Hume and Donald Ivey of the University of Toronto explain the value of atoms and the care needed in handling them because of their radio-active properties.

Apr 21, 1963 - "Car Crashes" What happens in a car crash - to the car and to its occupants? What causes a crash? Can personality characteristics contribute to car accidents? Canadian writer Rita Greer Allen, who last year sustained a broken neck in a car crash, explores the physics and psychology of car crashes with Dr. John Rich, a psychiatrist with Toronto and Queen's Universities.

May 5, 1963 - "Bird Migration" In this program the origins and patterns of bird migration, and the latest theories of bird orientation and navigation, are discussed with Dr. William W.H. Gunn of the Federation of Ontario Naturalists.

May 12, 1963 - "Fact & Fiction" Hosts Dr. Donald Ivey and Dr. Patterson Hume of the University of Toronto, contrast observation to synthesis, and compare the scientific experimenter with the scientific theoretician.

May 19, 1963 - "Code of Life" Dr. Louis Siminovitch, Professor of Medical Biophysics at the University of Toronto, discusses what is currently known about heredity, particularly recent study and research on the ultimate units of heredity, material called DNA. Dr. Gordon F. Whitmore, Associate Professor of Medical Biophysics at the University of Toronto, and member of the Physics Division of the Ontario Cancer Insitute is also a guest.

May 26, 1963 - "The Chemistry of Bread" Baking bread may be a familiar process, but it is by no means a simple one. A very great number of fundamental chemical actions are demonstrated in the baking of one loaf of bread. On today's program Dr. Fred H. Knelman of Montreal looks at bread-baking from the chemist's point of view, using illustrations ranging from stone ovens to production lines.

Jun 2, 1963 - "The Infra-Red" Detection of heatwaves by Special infra-red receptors has many industrial, military and other uses. In the animal kingdom, pit vipers (rattle-snakes and others) locate their prey by means of heat-sensitive organs. Dr. Harry Pullan of the R.C.A. research laboratories, Montreal, describes the properties of the infra-red and demonstrates technological applications.

Jun 9, 1963 - "Human Overpopulation" In the aftermath of the industrial revolution, with scientific advances offsetting human control, the human species has experienced an increase so explosive that grave doubts are now held about the future food supply. Sir Julian Huxley and Sir Charles Darwin were interviewed in England about this aspect of human biology which most scientists regard as the most critical problem of our time.

Jun 16, 1963 - "Mars" Lister Sinclair talks to leading scientists about Mars and plans for observing the planet from close range: Dr. Albert G. Wilson, a former director of the Lowell Observatory, now with the Rand Corporation, and the Chief of the Space Sciences Division at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Dr. Robert V. Meghreblian.

Jun 23, 1963 - "Spiders" Man has not ignored the spider - even before interest in them could be called scientific, spiders gave rise to constant legends and myths and were involved in medicine, art, history, and religion. This program is devoted to the subject of spiders - what they are, varieties, feeding, mating habits, milk production and legends behind some of the more notorious species including the Black Widow. Introducing and discussing the subject is freelance writer William Whitehead who has done post-graduate work on the Black Widow spiders.

Jun 30, 1963 - "Hypnosis" Dr. Martin T. Orne of the Department of Psychiatry at Harvard University Medical School discusses the subject of hypnosis. Hypnosis has become an important tool for medical science - including childbirth, surgery, dentistry, and psychotherapy. Many types and uses of hypnosis are illustrated by Orne on the program. Last show of the season.

Apr 19, 1964 - "Physics in Sports"

May 12, 1964 - "About the Size of It" Scientist and broadcaster William Whitehead and Dr. W.E. Swinton, Director of the Royal Ontario Museum discuss how size differences in the animal kingdom are the result of their environment and their habits. Examined in detail are the shrew, the elephant and the whale.

May 19, 1964 - Standards for Comparison. Universal standards of measurements are explained in laymen's terms by Dr. Patterson Hume and Dr. Donald Ivey of the University of Toronto.

Jun 2, 1964 - "Surgery for Parkinson's Disease" This program shows surgical techniques used in a new treatment for Parkinson's Disease. The actual brain operation is seen, an an electric probe is inserted in the brain to destroy the area responsible for the tremors and other symptoms of the disease. Dr. R.R. Tasker, Toronto neurosurgeon, explains the technique. He is interviewed by Donald Crowlis, Director of the Nova Scotia Museum of Science.

Jun 9, 1964 - "Science in Sports" Host Lister Sinclair and guest Lloyd Percival, sports authority, discuss and demonstrate how various sporting activities can now be precisely measured and how they can thus be improved. Gordie Howe is one of the athletes shown.

Jun 30, 1964 - "Lasers" Dr. Patterson Hume and Dr. Donald Ivey explain the recent developments of the laser beam since 1960, how it works, and its potential uses in medicine, war and communications.

Jul 14, 1964 - "Cartography" Host and writer Lister Sinclair talks about map projection, and the problems of taking a spherical object, the earth, and representing it in two dimensional form such as the Mercator projection and equal area projection. Many maps, both old and new, are used to show how the science of map-making has gradually developed. Sinclair also talks about projection, or perspective, in art.

Jul 21, 1964 - "The World of Water" In this program Donald Crowdis, Director of the Nova Scotia Museum of Science, talks about water, its properties and its importance as a solvent of enormous quantaties of minerals, its ability to become either an acid or a base, and its mechanical power.

Jul 28, 1964 - "The Way the Ball Bounces" Drs. Patterson Hume and Donald Ivey demonstrate the principles behind the bounce in a rubber ball. The atomic structure of rubber - its atoms are connected in polymer chains - is shown.

Aug 4, 1964 - "Immunology" In this program Donald Crowdis, Director of the Nova Scotia Museum of Science, talks about transplants and the new study of immunology - how to make the body repress its defence system and accept foreign organs. His guests are Dr. R.E. Wilson of Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, a member of the most experienced organ transplant surgical team in North America, and Dr. Lionel Reese, who recently performed a kidney transplant operation in London, Ontario.

Jan 10, 1965 - "Viruses" Incredibly minute particles of matter called viruses are responsible for more than half the world's diseases. Never even seen until the invention of the electron miscroscope, viruses now are the object of intensive scientific scrutiny. World leader in virus research is Toronto's Princess Margaret Hospital. This program studies the work of the hospital's team, under the direction of Dr. L. Siminovitch. Special guest is Dr. K. Rozee of Connaught Laboratories.

Feb 7, 1965 - "The Quaking Earth - Earthquakes & Volcanoes" Research into earthquakes and volcanic eruptions gives us much information on the earth's structure. In this program, Percy Saltzman talks with two experts on these phenomena: Dr. Walter Tovell of the Royal ontario Museum and Dr. John Hodgson, seismologist and newly-appointed Director of the Dominion Observatories.

Feb 21, 1965 - "Pain" Host Percy Saltzman and psychiatrist Dr. John Rich discuss how and why we feel pain. Shown is how the body senses and measures pain and how mental disposition affects our reaction to pain.

Mar 7, 1965 - "Einstein, Man & Mathematician" An examination of the personality and achievement of Albert Einstein. Dr. Jacob Bronowski of the Salk Institute for Advanced Biological Studies at La Jolla, California, one of the most distinguished and articulate interpreters of Einstein, shows the practicality and simplicity of Einstein's thinking. Einstein's ideas are demonstrated with the aid of models specially constructed for the show. Also includes film of Einstein's early days in Europe and a short film in which Einstein explains the relationship between matter and energy.

Mar 28, 1965 - "The Pacemakers"

Sep 21, 1965 - "Standards for Comparison" Hosts Dr. Patterson Hume and Dr. Donald Ivey of the University of Toronto examine scientific standards of measurement such as recent attempts to choose atomic standards of mass, length and time.

Oct 17, 1965 - "Animals In The Water" studies fish, crocodiles, seals and whales.

Nov 14, 1965 - "Animals and Food" How food is located, obtained, processed and eaten depends on a wide range of anatomical tools such as beaks, claws and cheek pouches. Man uses more sophisticated tools to extend his diet beyond the limits of other creatures.

Jun 20, 1966 - "The Sun" An examination of the sun from various points of view. Includes discussion with illustrative film footage of: archeological remains; architecture; art; Eleusinian mysteries; the Greek god Apollo; a Hindu temple to the sun god with astrological wheel; Latvian summer festival; the Egypttian sun god Aton-Re; the beliefs of North American, South American and Australian native peoples; and nudists frolicking in the forest. The program makes use of the view of J.G. Grazer, author of "The Golden Bough", that primitive myth and magic were a primitive form of science.

Jun 27, 1966 - "Natural History of the Niagara Gorge" The famous Niagara Falls had their origins at Queenston 12,000 years ago. Since then, they have receded seven miles. This program tells the natural history of the falls, the Niagara River and the gorge, showing how the shoreline has changed the falls. Dr. Walter Tovell, curator of geology at the Royal Ontario Museum, and an expert on the Niagara, tells the story of Father Hennepin, the first white man to see the falls in 1678, talks about the rock stratification observable in the gorge and shows many unusual filmed shots of the falls.

Jul 4, 1966 - "Air and Water Pollution" This program explores the serious problem of pollution, which results when more waste materials are poured into the air and water than these elements have the capacity to deal with, a situtation which has resulted in city smog and the "death" of numerous bodies of water.

Jul 11, 1966 - "The Battle Against Biting Insects" An examination of some of the most sophisticated methods of pest control such as: unbalancing the insects' nutrition; killing them by ultrasonic or other shock waves; sterilizing the males through ionizing radiation or light flashes; drowning the larvae in traps; or interferring with mating and egg-laying by light, colour or electricity.

Jul 18, 1966 - "Air Conditioning - Natural and Man-Made" This program considers many aspects of controlling human environment to regulate pressure, humidity, and temperature, from underwater diving gear to the air-conditioning of space capsules. New designs and techniques for regulating air in large buildings are also noted.

Jul 25, 1966 - "The Physics of Sailing" The scientific study of the physics of sailing, is a fairly new field. This program looks at scientific efforts to understand why sailing ships do what they do. At Britain's University of Southampton two wind tunnels are used to study both sail and hull action. The program includes exciting film of ships in action, as well as wind tunnel and radio-controlled model experiments.

Aug 1, 1966 - "Epidemics" Not so many years ago, summer's warmth brought the chilling fear of polio and typhus epidemics. These dread diseases have been largely eliminated by modern medicine. But newer "epidemics" not caused by germs or viruses, have replaced them as killers. This program, written by Jack Hutchinson, looks at food poisoning, highway and water accidents from the standpoint of the scientist seeking their "cure".

Aug 8, 1966 - "Summer Storms" A look at the activities of the Stormy Weather Group, scientists at Montreal's McGill University and Macdonald College who study the pheonomena of summer storms, especially, the capricious Prairie hailstorms. A visit to Dorval Airport provides a look at the weather reading systems which, with the aid of weather satellites, give instant readings of weather fronts and continental cloud cover.

Aug 15, 1966 - "Fishing and the Splake" Science is developing new and better fish, the splake for instance, a product of the cross-breeding of the lake and speckled trout. At Maple, Ontario, biologists of the Department of Lands and Forests developed this new fish for seeding in Lakes Ontario and Huron. This program shows how they did it and how they hope to beat the vicious lamprey eel, which preys on the oridinary lake trout.

Aug 22, 1966 - "The Value of our Parks" This program examines Canada's great national parks and their ecological importance in maintaining habitats vital to various plants and animals. Seen are: Point Pelée Park; Algonquin; Banff; and Jasper.

Aug 29, 1966 - "Forest and Fires" This program deals with forest succession. Scientists have recently learned a great deal about the way in which new stands of forest grow - including the discovery that certain trees, like the jack pine, can only renew themselves in burnt over areas. D.H. Burton of the Department of Lands and Forests reports on studies of the impact of forest fires, logging, and the browsing of deer on the growth of a forest; also the controlled use of forest fires to reseed areas. R.O. Standfield of the Department of Lands and Forests explains the effects on forest wildlife, of controlled burning, and the use of chemical pesticides.

Sep 5, 1966 - "Water on the Level" There has been great alarm recently over the declining level of water in bodies of water as enormous as the Great Lakes. This program examines the water cycle and analyzes some of the factors that cause water levels to vary: increasingly heavy use by industry and public; droughts; climatic changes; damming; and diversion.

Sep 11, 1966 - "Galapagos : The Islands" A survey of the animal and plant life of the Galapagos archipelago including: a look at the geological origins of the islands, their geography and climate; and an explanation of the generally accepted theory of how these volcanic islands, owned by Ecuador, first became populated by plants and animals.

Sep 18, 1966 - "Galapagos - New Beings" An exploration of the scientific phenomenon known as "adaptive radiation", the way in which a small founding group of a plant or animal species can give rise to a number of new species, and the way in which a new environment encourages this proliferation - Darwin's "natural selection" in action. Oceanic islands are the best places to see the process at work, and the Galapagos provide the best of all demonstrations. The program looks at the many forms of animal and plant life in the islands, with particular attention to the evolution of the species unique to them.

Sep 25, 1966 - "Galapagos : Ways of Survival" Apart from their external appearance, animals go through behavioural and physiological changes to adapt themselves to different environments: for example, acquiring the ability to drink salt water. Galapagos examples seen in this program include sea lions, sea birds and the marine iguana, a cold-blooded reptile which has adapted itself to endure the cold waters of the sub-Antarctic Humboldt current.

Nov 15, 1966 - "Blood, Sea and Tears" Man still carries around in him an isolated pool of the early Palaeozoic ocean that fed his plankton ancestors. Our blood is packaged sea water. This program is a study of the relation and functions of three salty liquids important in evolution - blood, sea water and tears.

May 18, 1967 - "Canadian Wildlife"

Sep 26, 1968 - "Thomas Edison" Thomas Edison wasn't merely a lone inventful genius. He invented the modern research team that makes possible the technology shaping our world. Edison was the captain of an organized research group whose method was to attack systematically every aspect of a problem. Among the more than 600 inventions he and his team produced were the gramophone and the incadescent light bulb. This program examines Edison's inventions, methods and impact on our life. Much of it was filmed at his original Menol Park Laboratories, preserved in Dearborn, Michigan.

Oct 3, 1968 - "Human Engineering" A look at the latest accomplishments in designing tools to alter the human creature. The program ranges from heart operations to space flight, contact lenses, false teeth, hearing aids, car seats, mechanical heart valves, artificial limbs, and aircraft control panels. Highlight of the show is film of an operation at the Toronto General Hospital, showing a mechanical aortic valve being inserted in a human heart.

Oct 10, 1968 - "Materials" A review of the history of man's oldest materials: wood, stone, iron, bronze and glass; and an examination of modern materials and design.

Nov 7, 1968 - "Structures" Defying the force of gravity, man has strewn his structures across the earth. This program looks at some of them, from simple structures of column and beam to the vast Roman arched aqueducts, the stone needles of Milan's Gothic cathedral, cantilever and suspension bridges, and the miracles of graceful design wrought by modern precast concrete and reinforced steel.

Nov 14, 1968 - "Communications" Much of this program deals with the basic communications problem of getting a signal through noise. Includes gesture, speech, code, braille, telegraph, radio, television, laser beams, computers and power grid monitors to space communications and satellites.

Nov 21, 1968 - "Canals and Tunnels" The great engineers of the past - men like de Lesseps of Suez fame and Panama infamy and Bradley - whose canals were the arteries of the industrial revolution, sacrificed the health and fortune, and sometimes the lives, of themselves and others, to build the first great canals and tunnels. Their story and the story of all kinds of modern canals and tunnels used for transportation are told. Includes historic footage.

Nov 28, 1968 - "Central Power" One test of civilization is the ability to organize sources of energy. Central power was something new in 1876, when Paris became the "City of Light". By 1879, Edison had developed the incandescent bulb. The program looks at more modern developments, including use of natural steam, ocean tides, and nuclear power. Also looks at attempts to tame fusions and harness the sun itself. The film also reviews what happened when the lights went out all over eastern North America in November 1965, illustrating our dependence on central power.

Dec 5, 1968 - "Man and Machines" The Greek inventor, Alexander the Hero, first defined the five basic devices which make all machines possible: the lever, the wedge, the wheel, the pulley and the screw. They all contribute to the conversion of energy into usable power. This film examines the development of these principles into such everyday examples as the nutcracker, and more complex machines such as the automated typesetter, computers and an automatic pilot.

Dec 12, 1968 - "Land and Water" This program shows how man changes his environment by shaping the land he lives on, reclaiming land from the sea, making new lakes and rivers. The Netherlands is a prime example of what reclamation can accomplish. The film shows some of the Dutch techniques and accomplishments.

Dec 19, 1968 - "Man Aloft" This film looks, sometimes whimsically, at examples of old and modern flying machines. Bush planes, barnstormers, gliders and war planes are seen, and the program concludes with a look at the present and possible future at airports, supersize jets and passenger aircraft. Includes historic footage of man's early attempts to fly, and the explosion of the Graf Zeppelin.

Dec 26, 1968 - "Portable Power" Man's first "portable power" device was part of his own body, the energy from the contraction of long molecules in the presence of sugar: muscle power. Muscle power was amplified with primitive levers, and later by the use of domesticated beasts. Some of the modern portable power devices seen in this film are portable nuclear reactors, internal combustion engines, rockets and fuel cells.

Jan 2, 1969 - "Transportation" Are the problems of urban transportation insurmountable? The traffic jams which are a regular feature of city life make it appear so. This program examines the many cures being considered for the hardening of vehicular arteries: faster vehicles, mass transit methods, supersonic subways, bigger and better expressways, air transport, better control and direction of traffic. Over all this, however, lies a Malthusian gloom inspired by the population explosion of both people and automobiles.

Jan 9, 1969 - "Systems Engineering" A system, according to the Oxford dictionary, is a whole composed of parts in orderly arrangement, according to some scheme or plan. A sailing ship is a system; so is the U.S. manned space program. Both are analysed in this program which examines the organization of systems.

Sep 24, 1969 - "In the Balance" Part one of a six-part series on pollution. This program shows how the comparatively new science of ecology has shown that the fate of life on earth lies in the balance - unless man stops taking from nature without giving anything back.

Oct 1, 1969 - "Urban Crisis" Part two of a six-part series on pollution. The ways man has succeeded, and failed, to duplicate in his cities the checks and balances of the natural environment. At its best, the city is a marvel of controlled environment, protecting people from the elements and offering them a broad spectrum of choice in style of living. At its worst, the city is noisy, dirty, crowded, hot and monotonous. This program looks at how man must try to make urban life a part of the global cycle of nature, or perish.

Oct 8, 1969 - "Water Pollution" The third program in a six-part series about pollution. This program shows how water is distributed throughout our environment, how it purifies itself, and how man has maltreated it. Canadian examples of water pollution shown in this program include the industrial waste which is wiping out the salmon of the St. John and Miramichi Rivers in New Brunswick; and the mounting danger to British Columbia's Fraser River.

Oct 15, 1969 - "Air Pollution" Fourth program in a six-part series on pollution. The program show the history of air pollution from the advent of coal-burning in the 14th Century, through the Industrial Revolution. Only quite recently has pollution increased in volume to the point where life on earth is threatened. Incomplete combustion of fuels, vehicle exhausts, smog and wastes from industry are all contributing.

Oct 22, 1969 - "Pesticides" Fifth in a six-part series on pollution. All pesticides are poisonous in greater or lesser degrees. Most experts regard them as short-term solutions to pest control. They kill not only the pests, but also necessary beneficial organisms, such as the oxygen-producing phyto-plankton of the ocean, which renew approximately 70 per cent of the world's oxygen supply. The program investigates long-term effects of such substances as DDT, possible alternatives to chemical pesticides - including non-poisonous biological methods of pest control.

Oct 29, 1969 - "Danger : Men At Work" Final program of a sub-series on pollution and conservation. This program offers statements and observations by experts on the extent of pollution in the world today and what can be done to improve it. Included are: former U.S. Secretary of Interior Stuart Udall; ecologist Lamont Cole; and Roland Clement of the US National Audobon Society.

Nov 5, 1969 - "The Family Doctor" A 24-hour day in the life of a young family physician, Dr. Reg Perkin, covering everything from his 7 am jogging to his 10 am tonsillectomy operation; his afternoon office hours; his occasional duty on emergency call at Toronto's South Peel Hospital; his Thursday afternoon golf; and relaxation with his family at home. The film is also an examination of the direction medical training and health services are taking in Canada.

Nov 12, 1969 - "A Breath of Life" Every year, over 12,000 Canadians are born with serious inherited defects. Maureen McChesney, 12, is one. A victim of cystic fibrosis, she must sleep in a special mist tent, take 110 pills and submit to three hours of special medical treatment every day. The program focuses on Maureen and her treatment and looks at genetics research and some other diseases transmitted through inheritance, including muscular dystrophy, hemophilia, and mongolism. It shows what medicine tries to do when there is a suspicion of genetic damage in the foetus, and how those born with genetic defects are assisted.

Nov 26, 1969 - "Ages of Man : The Attack on Cancer" This program focuses on the research into the effects of drugs on cancers in mice being conducted by the internationally renowned cancer team at Toronto's Princess Margaret Hospital. Written by the head of the team, Dr. Bob Bruce, who also appears on the program, the film begins with a human patient with a tumour which has passed beyond the stage where it can be treated by either surgery or radiation. At the end we see the patient again, after successful treatment with drugs. Also J.W. Meakin of the Princess Margaret Hospital appears.

Dec 17, 1969 - "Ages of Man : The Cell" The theme of biology for the past 20 years has been the origin of biological constancy. The theme of the next 20 years will be the origin of biological diversity. This program explains why it is essential to understand the complicated mechanism of the normal cell before we can really understand what happens when cancerous cells run riot. The film focuses on the distinguished and internationally known work of Dr. James Till and Dr. B. McCullough of the Princess Margaret Hospital, and is written by them.

Dec 24, 1969 - "Arthritis" One quarter of all Canadians will be affected some time in their lives by arthritis. This program looks at a case of rheumatoid arthritis, the drug treatments available, and some of the therapeutic aids to assist a person suffering from the disease. The film focuses largely on research into the cause and nature of arthritis. In the show are: Dr. D.A. Gordon, Wellesley Hospital; Dr. N.S. Taichman, University of Toronto Medical Centre; and Dr. I. Broder, Toronto Western Hospital.

Dec 31, 1969 - "Science Decade" This program is a brief review of the main achievements of science over the past ten years, and attempts to anticipate some of the advancements which may be expected in the seventies. The remarks of many eminent Canadian scientists are linked by the comments of Dr. Isaac Asimov. Among the topics are: progress in the earth sciences; research into the fundamental particles of matter; ecology; pollution control; DNA; the origins of life; the understanding of the physical basis of memory; computers; astronomy; astrophysics; space flight; and progress in medicine, particularly in transplants. The latter portion features Dr. Pierre Grondin, Canada's first heart transplant surgeon.

Nov 1, 1971 - The Rocky Mountains. The beautiful, vast tracts of land in the western Mountain parks of the West Coast and the Rocky Mountains are gradually being destroyed ... by camp sites, roads and towns. As they are opened, their animal life gradually disappears. Now biologists and naturalists are attempting to save plant life and animals, such as the Rocky Mountain Bighorn, elk, moose and goats.

Jan 8, 1973 - The Polar Bear. A pictorial life history of the most dramatic of all Arctic animals.

Jan 15, 1973 - Grouse Country — A look at one of the most plentiful birds in Canada — the grouse, which is highly conspicuous, colorful, and admired by hunters and birdwatchers alike.

Jan 22, 1973 - Lobsters and the Sea — A glimpse into the world of the most unusual, amusing inhabitant of our oceans and seas — the lobster. (Repeat)

Jan 29, 1973 - Ice Lovers — A life history of the harp seal, examining the behavior and physiology of this unique little Arctic mammal and its unusual 800-mile migration each year from Hudson Strait to the Gulf of St. Lawrence

Feb 13, 1973 - The Blue Holes of Andros — With Dr. George Benjamin, a Canadian research chemist and the world's foremost authority on Bahamas' "blue-holes" (underwater caves). A visit to the vast network of mysterious underwater limestone caves found offshore from the island of Andros.

Mar 5, 1973 - Think Before You Eat — A surprising look at the eating habits of Canadians; food and nutrition, the so-called well-balanced diet and problems of over-eating are analyzed.

Mar 12, 1973 - STOCKHOLM '72: POLITICS FOR SURVIVAL — A fascinating "retrospective look" at last summer's World Conference on The Human Environment, held in Stockholm and attended by delegates of nearly every country of the world.

Mar 19, 1973 - CITIES FOR PEOPLE — A film about recent changes in urban planning in Toronto, Montreal and other major Canadian cities and the return of the modern urban centre into a place for people, culture and activity. Comments by leading planners and glimpses of some European cities' efforts to curb growing problems.

Mar 26, 1973 - MIGRATION — ANIMALS IN CYCLE. This program takes a look at the migratory habits of birds and animals, with recent findings in animal studies reinforced with fascinating film footage of many species in their natural habitats.

Apr 2, 1973 - OLD ENOUGH. A black comedy .. . an unusual departure from this series' regular format, this film depicts obvious absurdities in a subjective interpretation of a 1970 M.I.T. computer study forecasting economic, social and political collapse of the entire world by no later than the year 2020, Introductory comments all by Dr. Donald Chant of the University of Toronto's Pollution Probe.

Apr 2, 1973 - Cities for People — A look at recent planning by many cities to return the modern urban centre into a place tor people, culture and activity.

Apr 9, 1973 - Recycling — The Garbage Ouroboros. A comprehensive examination of the form of pollution fast becoming public enemy number one in North America: garbage. Recycling, a universal process of nature, offers the most likely alternative to this growing municipal headache; but is it feasible? Canadian and U.S. experts give their opinions and Ouroboros, a solid waste reduction unit in Hamilton, is visited.

Apr 16, 1973 - Acupuncture - This ancient and traditional art of healing has been widely practiced in China for over 5,000 years. Its recent rebirth as a successful treatment for many diseases is explored in this program

May 7, 1973 - Vanishing Peoples: Yanoniami — An hour-long documentary on the Yanomami Indians of South America, known as the Fierce People, a fast-vanishing Indian tribe in the isolated tropical rain-forest of the Upper Orinoco River in Venezuela and Brazil.

May 14, 1973 - The Blue Holes of Andros — An underwater visit to the vast, deep network of mysterious limestone caves offshore from the Island of Andros, in the Bahamas.

May 21, 1973 - Migration: Animals in Cycle — This documentary special looks at the migratory habits of birds and animals, with recent findings in animal studies reinforced with film footage of many species in their natural habitat. (repeat).

Nov 26, 1973 - The puffin, a bird with a multi-colored beak and the physique of a plump penguin, is subject of The Nature of Things series, which makes its season debut Monday at 10 p.m. The program, Puffins, Predators and Pirates, was filmed on Great Island, off the east coast of Newfoundland, site of the puffins' nesting grounds in North America.

Nov 26, 1973 - Puffins, Predators and Pirates — A documentary, biological study which reveals the plight of one of the world's last puffin colonies on Great Island off the eastern coast of Newfoundland.

Dec 3, 1973 - The Club of Rome — This group of thinkers, the Club of Rome, thinks western society is on the verge of chaos, social and political, which could reduce our civilization to ruins

Dec 10, 1973 - Ellesmere Island — On Ellesmere Island, located 600 miles from the North Pole, oil has been discovered. Island inhabitants, new and old, are seen in this half-hour film.

Dec 17, 1973 - Anybody's Child — Documentary about emotionally disturbed children living in a family environment as an alternative to institutional treatment

Dec 24, 1973 - The grouse, one of the most plentiful birds in Canada, is greatly admired by birdwatchers and hunters alike. It is found from the east coast through to the Prairies. Grouse Country is the subject of CBC-TV's The Nature of Things on Monday at 10 p.m

Dec 31, 1973 - Vanishing Peoples: Lacandones — This special shows how the Lacandones have retained their culture despite decreasing numbers and increasing civilization in Mexico.

Dec 22, 1976 - Noah's Park (Season Debut) - The work of a group of naturalists who are attempting to create a refuge for biblical animals by restocking a park with the species that inhabited the land in Bible times.

Dec 29, 1976 - Close-up look at a coral reef. Through the use of micro-photography, viewers are afforded a look at the unique way in which a reef is formed.

Jan 5, 1977 - Birthright Newborn — A fascinating study of the newborn human. The film features many prominant people in the limited field of newborn research, and many surprising discoveries that have been made. The human infant is born with.a surprising number of abilities and reflexes.

Jan 19, 1977 - "Children of the Buffalo" documents the daily lives of the Toda tribe of Southern India. Toda culture centers on the raising of water buffalo, requiring religious rituals for almost every dairy activity from milking to churning butter. Also: a study of Toda marriage rituals and funeral rites.

Jan 26, 1977 - Geriatric medicine and some aspects of research into the biology of aging. Dr. Ronald Cape, who leads a clinic at the University of Western Ontario attempts to dispel some of the myths concerning old age and senility.

Feb 9, 1977 - The wind and its power, and how winds are generated. Processes of air circulation, the effect of wind on man-made structures. Sailboats, windmills and wind turbines used for generating electricity.

Feb 16, 1977 - A look at Funk Island off the north-east coast of Newfoundland which is the breeding habitat for huge populations of sea birds.

Sep 30, 1977 - A 1970 report on land development in the Florida Everglades that threatened the survival of wildlife

Oct 7, 1977 - A report, first televised in 1970, on a threatened wildlife preserve on Ontario's Point Pelee, a tiny peninsula jutting into Lake Erie.

Oct 21, 1977 - "Population: Everybody's Baby" examines the projected consequences of overpopulation and-the controversy surrounding population control.

Nov 4, 1977 - The harp seal, object of the highly controversial annual spring seal hunt. The program examines the seal's unique ability to adapt to the pressure of deep diving.

Dec 14, 1977 - The series' 18th season starts with "The People You Never See," a report on victims of cerebral palsy. The program looks at a wheelchair-bound 12-year-old girl who continues to attend school, using a symbol board to communicate; and three disabled adults who have achieved a certain amount of independence despite the disease.

Dec 16, 1977 - Pedestrian malls, car-free zones and multipurpose subway systems are examined in a study of urban planning and urban renewal.

Jan 13, 1978 - "Out of the Mouths of Babes"

Jan 27, 1978 - "The First Inch."

Mar 31, 1978 - "Skin Trade."

Dec 17, 1978 - "Charlie," a profile of paleontologist Charles Sternberg, who discovered and catalogued dinosaur fossils in the Badlands of Alberta. Footage shows early digs near'Red Deer River Valley, where the paleontologist and other workers unearthed lizard and dinosaur remains. Now in his 90s, Sternberg still lectures.

Dec 24, 1978 - "The Search" follows World Health Organization medical teams on their campaign to vaccinate the Somali against smallpox. Most of the natives of this African country are nomads, and the program focuses on the difficulty of containing outbreaks of the deadly disease, a chore that involves house-to-house searches in which everyone is treated.

Jul 17, 1979 - "Grouse Country"

Aug 28, 1979 - Todays topic: Frogs, Snakes and Turtles.

Nov 21, 1979 - "Contact." A one-hour film about a new method of treatment for autistic children, hitherto thought to be hopeless cases. Filmed in Toronto, it shows how techniques developed in the U.S. by Barry and Suzi Kaufman, themselves parents of an autistic Child, have been adopted for use in an experimental program headed by Fern Levitt, a 24-year-old psychology graduate of York University.

Dec 5, 1979 - This report on oil exploration in the Canadian Arctic examines the technological and environmental problems associated with drilling in the Far North. It also focuses on how and where decisions about northern development are made. Among those interviewed are Jake Epp, Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development; Environment Minister John Fraser; and Mr. Justice Thomas Berger, author of a 1977 report on the Mackenzie Valley pipeline. David Suzuki is the program host. (60 min.)

Dec 12, 1979 - Topics include Clinical Trials; Folk Medicine and Magnetic Bacteria.

Dec 19, 1979 - The brain's two halves or hemispheres differ both in anatomical structure and in the bodily functions they control. "Left Brain, Right Brain" is a report on recent studies into the functional differences between the two halves. Studies include administering verbal and motor tests to a subject after one hemisphere has been anesthetized, tracing blood-flow activity in the two halves as different tasks are performed and testing a patient who has had the nerve connections between the two halves severed. David Suzuki is the host. (60 min )

Jan 2, 1980 - "Memories From Eden." A one-hour film on modern zoos. Traditionally, zoos have been little more than prisons for their occupants; today, special environments are being created which provide much better for the welfare of animals and increase the enjoyment of visitors.

Jan 9, 1980 - Tonight's topics include Crocodile City; High Altitude Physiology; and Magnetic Bacteria.

Jan 16, 1980 - A report on the Cree Indians of Paint Hills, Que., on the east shore of James Bay. The daily tasks, family life and rituals of the tribe are examined and footage includes scenes of seal and goose hunting, beaver trapping, and the "walking out" ceremony, in which 2-year-olds take their first unaided steps away from their teepees. Also: a look at how the Cree's way of life is threatened by the encroachment of the white man. (Repeat; 60 min.)

Jan 23, 1980 - Title of tonight's program is "The Lacandons" - a North American Indian program.

Feb 6, 1980 - Paul Jacobs and the Nuclear Gang - A documentary about Paul Jacobs, an American freelance investigative journalist who sets out to prove the relationship between low-level nuclear radiation or fallout and the increased incidences of cancer. Between 1957 and 1978, Jacobs interviewed persons who had been exposed to fall-out from bomb tests in Nevada.

Feb 13, 1980 - "Roger Tory Peterson; Portrait of a Birdwatcher." The story of naturalist Peterson, his work and his love of nature, narrated by John Livingston, photography by Rudolf Kovanic.

Feb 27, 1980 - Among the segments is "Galileo," a film that chronicles the life of the Italian astronomer, mathematician and physicist through visits to the cities where he lived and worked, and demonstrations of his experiments. Another segment focuses on how the human body adapts to life high above sea level, and includes a report on some of the equipment that enables mountain climbers and airplane pilots to survive at high altitudes. Also; how weather in one part of the world can affect regions thousands of miles away. David Suzuki is the host of the series. (60 min.)

Apr 13, 1980 - Items include Sacred Cows - a film that examines one of India's best known and least understood customs. Ultra Sound Scanner -- a method that enables doctors to observe internal organs; and Hypnosis

Apr 20, 1980 - "Madagascar: Island of the Moon" examines some of the rare animal species found on the world's fourth-largest island (now known as the Malagasy Republic). Most of the footage is devoted to the island's lemurs, early primates that have flourished on Madagascar and evolved into several species. Among the animals shown are the ring-tailed lemur, the mouse lemur. (Repeat; 60 min.)

Apr 27, 1980 - Infertility and medical techniques designed to overcome it are examined. Couples who have fertility problems are interviewed, and one of the couples is followed through a treatment program at the Toronto General Hospital. Among the specialists interviewed is gynecologist Patrick Steptoe, who helped bring about the birth of the first test-tube baby. Also: a report from a hospital where doctors use puppets to allay children's fears
about surgery. (Repeat; 60 min.)

May 18, 1980 - Topic: Arctic Oil.

Jun 8, 1980 - A profile of Roger Tory Peterson, renowned ornithologist and inventor of a unique system of bird identification.

Oct 15, 1980 - A report on cystic fibrosis, a genetic respiratory ailment that afflicts young people; and a profile of one of its victims, 24-year-old nurse Susan McKellar. Other segments examine the International Crane Foundation's efforts to save the whooping crane from extinction; and research into cold-water survival techniques. (60 min.)

Oct 29, 1980 - "Tar Wars"

Nov 5, 1980 - Scheduled items include Alternate Car Fuel; Surface Tension and Science Fair.

Nov 12, 1980 - The first of two hours filmed in China examines traditional aspects of Chinese culture- herbal medicine, acupuncture, language- and provides a look at some of the country's famous landmarks, such as the Great Wall and the Imperial Palace in Peking. (60 min.)

Dec 10, 1980 - Scheduled: Reports on prenatal diagnosis of spina bifida, Tay-Sachs disease and Down's syndrome using amniocentesis, ultrasonography and fetoscopy; the use of chinchillas in researching damage to human ears caused by exposure to noise. (60 min.)

Dec 17, 1980 - "Madagascar: Island of the Moon" (Repeat; 60 min.)

Dec 31, 1980 - A magazine edition featuring three items from last season's series- Hypnosis; India's Sacred Cows; and Ultra Sound Scanner.

Jan 7, 1981 - "One of the Family." A film from OECA about a Toronto family whose youngest child, a boy, was born with cerebral palsy. Produced by Christa Singer. Also, "Oyster Culture" and a report on the American Association for the Advancement of Science convention held in Toronto.

Jan 14, 1981 - Magazine edition featuring the following items - a report from State University of New York at Buffalo on the structure of birds' eggs and how their porosity enables the growing chick to breathe inside the egg; film shows how oxygen enters the egg through the multitude of small holes and how this differs in small eggs and large; also, research into the incubating behaviour of herons and terns and how this affects the development of their eggs and chicks. Newfound land Oil. A look at the social and ecological changes occurring in some of the fishing villages of Newfoundland where oil exploration surveys are being conducted.

Jan 21, 1981 - Left Brain, Right Brain - a repeat of a film by John Bassett, which shows how the two halves of the human brain perform various functions. This film was the winner of an award from the Canadian Science Writers.

Jan 28, 1981 - Poisoned Playgrounds - A report by producer Heather Cook on the use of pesticides in an Ontario community and the action taken by parents when insecticide spraying at a school proved hazardous to children's health. Charlie - A repeat of a film first telecast December 17, 1978 about a Canadian archaeologist.

Feb 4, 1981 - Tonight's topics: High Altitude Physiology; The Vision of Galileo; and Dust Storms.

Feb 18, 1981 - "Sri Lanka"

Mar 18, 1981 - Arctic Oil, a repeat of December 5, 1979.

Jun 1, 1981 - Today's topics are: Cranes; Cystic Fibrosis; Cold Water Survival.

Jun 8, 1981 - Today's topics are Skin; Manatees; Ludhiana.

Nov 4, 1981 - A study of the evolution of the piano, featuring concert pianist Anton Kuerti; a look at South American tree frogs; and a guided tour of a giant atom-smasher in Switzerland, with Dr. Antonio Zuchichi, president of the European Physical Society. Also: how phonograph records work. (60 min.)

Dec 2, 1981 - "Tipping The Scales" Associate Producer, Richard Longley reports on human body types, eating habits, problems associated with obesity and starvation, and cultural influences on diets and ideal proportions. Appearing on the program are: Dr. David Foster and Lorraine Frydman of the National Research Council, Ottawa, whose research includes body fat in relation to low-temperature survival; Dr. Dan Roncari and David Lau, of Toronto General Hospital, working on projects to assist the massively obese reduce weight; and Dr Errol Marliss who is in charge of a fasting program at Toronto General. The program also looks into such extreme examples of fasting as anorexia nervosa among young women, and what happens to brain and body when political protestors enter prolonged fasts that often lead to death.

Dec 9, 1981 - A Natural Turn of Events - Toronto's Leslie St. Spit has grown into a five kilometre-long headland that is unique as a home for a wide variety of birds and plant life. The title of this film is well-chosen, for the success of the Spit as a wildlife sanctuary in an industrial setting is almost entirely due to natural occurrence.

Jan 6, 1982 - Tonight's topics: Making It Big.

Feb 24, 1982 - "Jute Plastic." Bangladesh is the world's chief supplier of jute fibre for use in the manufacture of twine, burlap, tarpaulin and carpet-backing. This item shows how jute is harvested and processed for export, and how synthetic fibres are now threatening the economy of Bangladesh which depends on jute production for much of its income. "Honeybees." The life and social order of a honeybee colony - the role of drone, queen and worker bees, their feeding and how they communicate. "Hildebrand." A follow-up to last season's report on Dr Joel Hildebrand of the University of California at Berkeley, who in Dec. 1981 celebrated his 100th birthday at his office on the campus where he is still very active in teaching and research.

Mar 10, 1982 - Tonight's topics: Tide Mill; Mind's Eye; Snakes.

Mar 17, 1982 - Tonight's topics: Going Without Gas; Surface Tension; and Science Fairs.

Jun 8, 1982 - A look at the horrifying effects of rabies and new methods of control and treatment; an underwater exploration of tropical waters and the extraordinary life of a coral island; and as part of the sub-series How Things Work, an examination of the mysteries of the microwave oven.

Jun 15, 1982 - Edge Of The Cold - A one-hour documentary from Australia on the wildlife of remote McQuarrie Island and the work of naturalists studying sea-birds and seals who make their home in this inhospitable place midway between Australia and Antarctica.

Aug 3, 1982 - Topics: An Island Shall A Monster Make; Philip Morrison on Nuclear War.

Aug 17, 1982 - Featured: bionic limbs, Hanuman Langurs, the monkeys of India; the reasons why birds tend to fly in formation. (R)

Aug 24, 1982 - Repeat of Feb 24, 1982 program.

Nov 17, 1982 - Featured: solar techniques to improve the thermal efficiency of a house; treatment methods for fragile bones; a laser system called Dial that measures levels of environmental pollution.

Dec 8, 1982 - "The Edge of the Cold'' takes a look at the wildlife of MacQuarie Island, situated between Australia and Antarctica The documentary focuses on the king penguin. (Repeat; 60 min.)

Dec 22, 1982 - "Prenatal Diagnosis." A report on prenatal diagnosis looks at various ways of monitoring fetal development, including study of the fluid enclosing the fetus; viewing the fetus with a fibre-optic telescope; and scanning with sound waves that are converted into pictures. (60 min.)

Dec 29, 1982 - The struggle of a Himalayan mountain community to preserve its land from erosion after floods left millions homeless in northern India in 1978. Nepalese villagers are being encouraged to plant new trees on eroding mountain slopes, fence off cattle and turn to alternative energy sources in order to reverse the effects of an-cient practices. (60 min.)

Feb 2, 1983 - A magazine edition features a West German film about grey whales entitled "Gentle Giant," a profile of scientists studying million-year-old human remains, and an experiment involving sewage treatment in Listowel, Ont.

Dec 21, 1983 - Tonight's topics: Flight Simulators - A visit to Montreal where a Canadian company produces sophisticated devices to train pilots for normal flight and for a number of situations that can occur in the air, including the wind-Shear phenomenon and other emergency conditions. And, Beating The Blues - A report on the effects of severe depression and methods of treatment used to combat specific kinds of depression.

Feb 8, 1984 - Bring Back My Bonnie. A documentary, narrated by Patricia Neal, about strokes and the painstaking therapy and perseverance needed to recover

Feb 15, 1984 - Tonight: a magazine edition featuring the following topics: Decade of Delay; RH Laboratory; and Hawaii Telescope.

Feb 22, 1984 - Tonight's topics are: The Gentle Giant, a report on the gray whale during us migration from the coast of Mexico to Alaska; Ancient Diseases, about how autopsies of mummies and skeletons can tell about ancient diseases; and Water Weeds, an experiment using a metal and nutrient-absorbing weed to purify sewage.

Dec 12, 1984 - Tonight's topics "Making Moves" Nerve-controlled movement is one of evolution's great innovations. We take if for granted until we're faced with its loss as are victims of spinal chord injuries. Research into basic nerve-muscle mechanisms hold promise for the recovery of movement after spinal chord injuries. And, Orchids and Juggling.

Jan 9, 1985 - Tonight: "Dinosaur" The vanished world of a highly specialized species, the dinosaur. is pieced together with evidence from fossilized footprints, bones and pollen, and from habitats such as the Everglades.

Jan 30, 1985 - Tonight, an overview of the provocative series A PLANET FOR THE TAKING that begins on CBC Television Wednesday, February 6. This preview introduces viewers to a new perspective on our human role in nature. Also, Blue Babies - infants born with a heart defect are sometimes unable to receive sufficient oxygen. And, High Flight - research into the workings of bird lungs.

Oct 16, 1985 - "Air Craft." Celebrates the multitude of machines that humans have engineered in order to launch themselves into the air.

Nov 10, 1985 - Featured: preserving frogs, snakes and turtles; lobsters.

Nov 13, 1985 - "Doctors Of The Future" A radically-new form of medical education at Canada's McMaster University is receiving attention and acclaim from around the world. In Doctors of the Future, new doctors and their teachers discuss the process of educating a physician. Also, "Walking" - like a pendulum in motion is how some physicists describe this energy-efficient method of moving the human body. And. "Vortices" - they're everywhere, from the clouds to the bathtub. Vortices explores how and why a vortex is formed.

Dec 8, 1985 - Featured: Chinese wall paintings; drilling for oil between Arctic ice; fly fishing.

Dec 11, 1985 - Featured: how alcohol affects the body; ancient life-forms inhabiting the shallow sea that is now the Canadian Rockies; the physics of archery.

Feb 26, 1986 - New discoveries that reveal life's dependence on the many microscopic plants responsible for creating most of the world's oxygen are examined.

Mar 12, 1986 - An examination of acid rain's destructiveness and possible solutions to the problems it causes.

Oct 22, 1986 - A look at the dangerous and beautiful Niagara Escarpment, a limestone spine that runs northward from Niagara Falls through the densely populated province of Ontario

Dec 3, 1986 - "Air Craft." (R)

Dec 17, 1986 - Topics: an investigation into the senseless drowning of 10.000 caribou in Limestone Falls in the wilderness of Labrador in 1984. And, Teflon Knee.

Nov 4, 1987 - A look at the toxic wastes strike force of Los Angeles, Calif.; a study of how fish swim

Dec 2, 1987 - A look at how bald eagles have prevailed despite human intervention; hot air balloons.

Dec 16, 1987 - "Serving Time" How zoos can help prevent the extinction of wildlife; Arctic wildlife.

Dec 22, 1987 - "The Living Arctic" A look at the wildlife of the Arctic. This program won the 1971 Wilderness Award

Dec 30, 1987 - "Spas - Magic Or Medicine"

Oct 12, 1988 - "Trouble In The Forest." Something terrible is happening to the forests of eastern North America. Acid rain is killing the deciduous trees, especially the sugar maple. The Nature of Things takes a hard look at the devastation taking place in front of our eyes.

Jan 18, 1989 - The sources and treatments of back pain; the manufacture and application of man-made structural colours.

May 17, 1989 - "The New Face of Leprosy" An update on the ancient disease that still afflicts millions around the world including North America. Progress continues, especially in educational programs designing to aid early diagnosis to stop the disease before it deforms its victims.

Jul 19, 1989 - "AIDS: A Report" The AIDS virus and its devastating effect on the human immune system.

Dec 6, 1989 - The conservation of rare breeds of farm animals; the feeding behaviour of the phalarope, an unusual shorebird.

Dec 27, 1989 - A look at how various forms of wildlife survive in the Arctic regions. (Part 2 of 2)

Feb 14, 1990 - The psychological and social forces which shape people's feelings and ideas about the opposite sex.

Feb 28, 1990 - Psychologist John Kennedy, from the University of Toronto, examines the ability of blind people to create and interpret visual images.

Mar 14, 1990 - Librarians, archivists and chemists work to develop a way to save books from deterioration

Jun 20, 1990 - The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, a wilderness against the Canada/U.S. border that is the calving grounds of caribou, is threatened by the U.S. Department of the Interior's plans to develop the land for oil.

Jul 18, 1990 - Profiling the declining seabird population on the small islands east of Quebec City.

Aug 1, 1990 - The reasons behind the impending extinction of the black rhino are explored.

Sep 5, 1990 - "Through the Looking Glass." Dip into the show's archives; see the world and life the way it was 30 years ago. How has it changed? What are we discovering about how nature works? David Suzuki hosts this look back - and look-ahead

Sep 26, 1990 - New technologies that will help air traffic controllers and passengers deal with the increase in air traffic while maintaining safety.

Oct 10, 1990 - When wildlife is threatened, the controversial issue of Wolf Control in Canada is examined

Nov 7, 1990 - A look at Cornell University's Professor Tom Eisner and his study of the insect world.

Nov 28, 1990 - The Vietnamese people's struggle to rehabilitate their land after a decade of bombing and herbicides.

Oct 2, 1991 - (Season Premiere) Visits to research facilities in Canada, the United States and Great Britain highlight the debate on animal research issues.

Dec 4, 1991 - A portrait of the life of the wild dog by photographer Hugh Miles that includes the forces threatening the extinction of Africa's most endangered carnivore.

Dec 22, 1993 - The life cycles of the animals living in the giant kelp forests off the coast of California. (R)

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For an in-depth look at CBC programs (1952-82),
Blaine Allan's directory